Why do adolescence and hormone imbalances result in acne breakouts, which are embarrassing to deal with in everyday life? Certain fats are composed of rigid particles, which block pores. Blocked pores encourage bacteria growth and the development of severe local inflammation: the bacteria may even destroy the white cells that provide us with protection from infection and, once dead, turn into pus.
When a large quantity of fatty cells are circulating in the blood, they pass through the skin and become grease and, due to their rigid nature, they block pores. Several factors increase the circulation of fat in the blood.
Androgens are male hormones, the secretion of which increases during adolescence among boys, as well as girls, to a lesser extent. The secretion of these hormones is also increased with the occurrence of hormonal issues such as ovarian cysts. It is associated with an increase of the energy potential and results in an accelerated breakdown of the fat reserves contained in fatty tissue. The stress mediator noradrenaline enables the breakdown of fat reserves (lipolysis). This explains why stress, which is expressed by the increase of noradrenaline, can be enough to provoke an acne breakout. The Japanese researcher, Yagi, was able to demonstrate that not only does noradrenaline cause the breakdown of lipids, but it also encourages the skin cells to absorb iron. However, iron encourages inflammatory phenomena and the proliferation of bacteria who use it as a growth factor to multiply.
Overeating can also result in greasy skin, in particular on the face. Stress and the increase of hormones released during adolescence can stimulate the appetite, especially for high-energy foods with relaxing effects such as fats and simple carbohydrates. However, in the liver, these foods can be transformed into fat (triglycerides), which easily pass through to the surface of the skin. The fats that cause acne are, above all, saturated fats: butter, cheese, fatty meat and beef, fried food, palm, palm kernel or peanut oils. Indeed, these are the saturated fats that are rigid, have poor flow properties, block pores and which, in addition, promote inflammation. On the other hand, the mono-unsaturated fats of olive (omega 9), avocado and almond oils and poly-unsaturated fats (omega 6 and omega 3) are fluid. The most fluid and the most anti-inflammatory fats are omega three fatty acids. Among the most unsaturated fats, there is a specific omega six fatty acid which is badly absorbed among most of us, and even more so in case of stress: gamma-linolenic acid (GLA).
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