Cucumber

Food
Cucumber

There's nothing like a refreshing, thirst-quenching cucumber in the summer. Filled with water and nutritionally-rich this vegetable belongs to the vast cucurbitaceous family, along with squashes, melons, zucchini, squash, pumpkins and watermelons, amongst others. Cucumbers originally came from India and were introduced into France back in the 9th century: Charlemagne was one of its first great fans! Today they are available in the shops through the spring and summer, from April to October.

Nutritional information

The cucumber may be 96% water, but is also very rich in Vitamins C and K, known for their value as antioxidants. Regularly consuming phenol flavonoids (1) such as those found in the humble cucumber is an easy way to limit the proliferation of free radicals (2), so harmful for the body (3). This type of anti-inflammatory antioxidant also encourages the elimination of "bad" cholesterol from the blood and helps combat those diseases involved in cell ageing (4). The cucumber also contains a high concentration of lignans (5), molecules that the scientific community considers to have considerable beneficial effects against certain cancers, such as breast and prostrate cancer (6). Finally, like most other fruits and vegetables, the cucumber is rich in soluble fibres that protect not only the digestive but also for your cardiovascular systems (7).

How to choose and taste cucumbers

Whenever possible, choose organic cucumber. Pesticides tend to accumulate in the skin of the cucumber, which also concentrates almost all its nutrients. So never hesitate to peel it only partially before enjoying it raw.

Cucumber recipes offer an amazing range of possibilities: over to you and your creativity! The cucumber is the ideal summer vegetable to accompany drinks and appetizers. Serve it cut into matchsticks with just the lightest sprinkling of salt and a yoghurt, mint and parsley sauce or dip. Tzatziki is a Greek speciality, perfect for spreading on bread or toast. Cucumber will make any summer salad even more refreshing; toss it with feta, avocado, spring onions and tomatoes. Why not dare a more original touch and add a few strawberries? Iced cucumber and mint soup also offers a good alternative for a light refreshing meal when the summer heat hits. Flavour your drinks with slices of cucumber: cucumber and lemon water is a great elixir of youth, thirst-quenching, low in calories and totally delicious. You can also use thin strips of cucumber in carpaccio recipes, for example with salmon and raw zucchini.

Sources: Passeportsanté ; whfoods ; interfel.
References: (1) Singh UP, Singh DP, et al. Characterization of phenolic compounds in some Indian mango cultivars. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2004 March;55(2):163-9. (2) Willcox JK, Ash SL, Catignani GL. Antioxidants and prevention of chronic disease. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2004;44(4):275-95. (3) Milder IEJ, Arts ICW, van de Putte B et al. Lignan contents of Dutch plant foods: a database including lariciresinol, pinoresinol, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol. Br J Nutr 2005, 93:393-402. 2005. (4) Nema NK, Maity N, Sarkar B et al. Cucumis sativus fruit-potential antioxidant, anti-hyaluronidase, and anti-elastase agent. Arch Dermatol Res. 2011 May;303(4):247-52. Epub 2010 Dec 14. 2011. (5) Abu-Reidah, I. M., Arráez-Román, D., Quirantes-Piné, R., Fernández-Arroyo, S., Segura-Carretero, A., & Fernández-Gutiérrez, A. (2012). HPLC–ESI-Q-TOF-MS for a comprehensive characterization of bioactive phenolic compounds in cucumber whole fruit extract. Food Research International, 46(1), 108-117. (6) Adlercreutz, H. (1984). Does fiber-rich food containing animal lignan precursors protect against both colon and breast cancer? An extension of the “fiber hypothesis”. Gastroenterology, 86(4), 761-764. (7) Coats AJ. The potential role of soluble fibre in the treatment of hypercholesterolaemia. Postgrad Med J 1998 July;74(873):391-4.

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